pubmed: ccbs_pis_100

NCBI pubmed
  1. Sphingosine-1-phosphate improves endothelialization with reduction of thrombosis in recellularized human umbilical vein graft by inhibiting syndecan-1 shedding in vitro.
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    Sphingosine-1-phosphate improves endothelialization with reduction of thrombosis in recellularized human umbilical vein graft by inhibiting syndecan-1 shedding in vitro.

    Acta Biomater. 2017 Mar 15;51:341-350

    Authors: Hsia K, Yang MJ, Chen WM, Yao CL, Lin CH, Loong CC, Huang YL, Lin YT, Lander AD, Lee H, Lu JH

    Abstract
    Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) has been known to promote endothelial cell (EC) proliferation and protect Syndecan-1 (SDC1) from shedding, thereby maintaining this antithrombotic signal. In the present study, we investigated the effect of S1P in the construction of a functional tissue-engineered blood vessel by using human endothelial cells and decellularized human umbilical vein (DHUV) scaffolds. Both human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and human cord blood derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) were seeded onto the scaffold with or without the S1P treatment. The efficacy of re-cellularization was determined by using the fluorescent marker CellTracker CMFDA and anti-CD31 immunostaining. The antithrombotic effect of S1P was examined by the anti-aggregation tests measuring platelet adherence and clotting time. Finally, we altered the expression of SDC1, a major glycocalyx protein on the endothelial cell surface, using MMP-7 digestion to explore its role using platelet adhesion tests in vitro. The result showed that S1P enhanced the attachment of HUVEC and EPC. Based on the anti-aggregation tests, S1P-treated HUVEC recellularized vessels when grafted showed reduced thrombus formation compared to controls. Our results also identified reduced SDC1 shedding from HUVEC responsible for inhibition of platelet adherence. However, no significant antithrombogenic effect of S1P was observed on EPC. In conclusion, S1P is an effective agent capable of decreasing thrombotic risk in engineered blood vessel grafts.
    STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Sphingosine-1phosphate (S1P) is a low molecular-weight phospholipid mediator that regulates diverse biological activities of endothelial cell, including survival, proliferation, cell barrier integrity, and also influences the development of the vascular system. Based on these characters, we the first time to use it as an additive during the process of a small caliber blood vessel construction by decellularized human umbilical vein and endothelial cell/endothelial progenitor. We further explored the function and mechanism of S1P in promoting revascularization and protection against thrombosis in this tissue engineered vascular grafts. The results showed that S1P could not only accelerate the generation but also reduce thrombus formation of small caliber blood vessel.

    PMID: 28110073 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

  2. Development of an image Mean Square Displacement (iMSD)-based method as a novel approach to study the intracellular trafficking of nanoparticles.
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    Development of an image Mean Square Displacement (iMSD)-based method as a novel approach to study the intracellular trafficking of nanoparticles.

    Acta Biomater. 2016 Sep 15;42:189-198

    Authors: Digiacomo L, Digman MA, Gratton E, Caracciolo G

    Abstract
    UNLABELLED: Fluorescence microscopy and spectroscopy techniques are commonly used to investigate complex and interacting biological systems (e.g. proteins and nanoparticles in living cells), since these techniques can explore intracellular dynamics with high time resolution at the nanoscale. Here we extended one of the Image Correlation Spectroscopy (ICS) methods, i.e. the image Mean Square Displacement, in order to study 2-dimensional diffusive and flow motion in confined systems, whose driving speed is uniformly distributed in a variable angular range. Although these conditions are not deeply investigated in the current literature, they can be commonly found in the intracellular trafficking of nanocarriers, which diffuse in the cytoplasm and/or may move along the cytoskeleton in different directions. The proposed approach could reveal the underlying system's symmetry using methods derived from fluorescence correlation concepts and could recover dynamic and geometric features which are commonly done by single particle analyses. Furthermore, it improves the characterization of low-speed flow motions, when compared to SpatioTemporal Image Correlation Spectroscopy (STICS). Although we present a specific example (lipoplexes in living cells), the emphasis is in the discussion of the method, its basic assumptions and its validation on numeric simulations.
    STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Recent advances in nanoparticle-based drug and gene delivery systems have pointed out the interactions at cellular and subcellular levels as key-factors for the efficiency of the adopted biomaterials. Such biochemical and biophysical interactions drive and affect the intracellular dynamics, that is commonly characterized by means of fluorescence microscopy and spectroscopy techniques. Here we present a novel Image Correlation Spectroscopy (ICS) method as a promising tool to capture the intracellular behavior of nanoparticles with high resolution and low background's sensitivity. This study overcomes some of the approximations adopted so far, by decoupling the flow terms of the investigated dynamics and thus recovering ensemble's information from specific single particle behaviors. Finally, relevant implications for nanoparticle-based drug delivery are shown.

    PMID: 27449340 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

2011 PI Publications. Copyright © 2013. The Center for Complex Biological Systems, UC Irvine
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